"It’s good to know that no dyes or chemicals are used - thanks for being so helpful."

Janey Loves Platinum Award 2012 Janey Loves Platinum Award 2011

The Science

  1. A major cause of ageing is from sleeping on cotton, linen, or polyester pillowcases
  2. Silk is made up from strings of amino acids, the same ph as your skin. These proteins can help to prevent "bed hair", frizz and split ends
  3. SilkPerfect's luxury silk pillowcases deter house mites and their faeces from coming into contact with your skin and respiratory system
  4. Silk's hypoallergenic properties may also ease conditions such as eczema and asthma
  5. Research suggests that Silk helps to retain moisture and minimise wrinkling

Silk is derived from the silkworm (Bombyx Mori) cocoon. It is a natural protein that is made up of 25 - 30% Sericin, and 70 - 75% Fibroin proteins. It is the researched qualities of these proteins that make silk an ideal choice for applications in a wide range of cosmetics, toiletries, medical and topical products.

1. A major cause of ageing is from sleeping on cotton, linen, or polyester pillowcases

The American Academy of Dermatology.

"Turning Back the Hands of Time" (Feb 2005). AAD - founded in 1938, is the largest, most influential, and most representative of all dermatologic associations with a membership of more than 15,000 physicians worldwide.

There are 5 intrinsic causes of skin ageing: intrinsic ageing (loss of fats, muscle tone & structure); sleep lines; photo (sun) damage; gravity; expression lines.

One cannot particularly impact upon the impact of the biological and physical constants of gravity, intrinsic ageing or expressions. One can proactively impact upon sun damage (by using sun screens and covering-up) and sleep line damage.

Press Release

The Health Benefits of Sleeping on Silk Pillowcases - SUSAN PINCKNEY

"The Wonderful Benefits of Sleeping on Silk" state all the proposed benefits (28 August 2007)


Rachel Sullivan MD, Bella Rosa

"There is a lot more to the sleeping story- if you are a stomach sleeper beware! Studies have shown that this actually will produce sleep line and wrinkles. Ways to fight this type of wrinkling are use a firm pillow and a silk or satin pillowcase."


Scandinavian journal of plastic and reconstructive surgery and hand surgery  ISSN 0284-4311 

"...there are sometimes 2-3 parallel lines generally in the same area of the face, such as the lateral orbital, temporal, frontal, and buccal regions. After detailed evaluation, we concluded that these oblique or horizontal wrinkles were caused by the position in which they slept. All of them slept prone, with their faces buried in the pillow, which over many years has caused wrinkling of the skin. We think therefore that sleeping position should be considered as an aetiological factor in the formation of wrinkles."

Link to Research

Youthful Skin

"it is best to try and sleep on your back, since the facial skin is not stressed in any way. Some people opt for soft pillows to minimize this problem, and a soft pillow cover, like satin or silk, can also help to minimize the effect."


American Journal of Epidemiology. 150(8):806-816, October 15, 1999

"About 81 percent women reported usually sleeping on their side, 7 percent on their back, and 11 percent on their front."

Research Paper

Professor Idzikowski - UK Sleep Assessment and Advisory Service

"most people are unlikely to change their sleeping position. Just 5% said they sleep in a different position every night."


The Sleep Center in Los Angeles

"80% of the population sleep on their sides!"


16. Fulton JE Jr., Gaminchi F. Sleep lines. Dermatol Surg. 1999 Jan;25(1):59-62.

"Conclusion. We have confirmed Dr. Stegman's hallmark work on sleep wrinkles. They are accentuated by pillow contact and the underlying SMAS."

A natural fibre is best for skin: minimising damage, and providing proteins. Silk is a smoother material than cotton and linen and thus minimises night creases or "sleep lines".

Research paper

Dr. Samuel J. Stegman - Dermatologic Surgeon

Dr. Stegman's 1987 hallmark work on sleep wrinkles proved that the muscular region of the face known as the "underlying superficial muscular aponeurotic system" (SMAS) was damaged by pillow contact. He found a correlation between the location of the underlying SMAS and sleep lines. This particular manifestation of ageing disappears in the morning in teenagers but will persist longer and longer as we age. Many people in their forties and fifties maintain the sleep crease throughout the day. Dr Stegman's conclusion was attempting to change sleep pattern, i.e. sleeping on your back - but this is often more difficult than it sounds as we don't know how we move in our sleep. As there is this correlation between the SMAS and sleep lines it makes sense to sleep on the softest, most pure pillows and pillowcases available such as silk pillowcases.


2. Silk is made up from strings of amino acids, the same ph as your skin. These proteins can help to prevent "bed hair", frizz and split ends


Biochemistry 2004, 43, 11302-11311

What Prof Soren Sorenson actually stated "p" as standing for is still unclear - H is for Hydrogen). Skin's pH is slightly acidic (4-6), A near neutral "balanced" pH of 7 will not harm skin. The natural silk spinning process is attended by a reduction in pH from 6.9 (neutral) to 4.8 - balanced with human skin's pH.

Research Paper


"Making use of silk pillowcases will prevent your hair from being caught and broken."


Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry Vol. 62 (1998) , No. 1 pp.145-147

"This study provided the first evidence for an antioxidant action of the silk protein sericin by showing that sericin suppressed in vitro lipid peroxidation." This benefits both the dermis and keratose proteins of the hair.

Research paper

Patent number: 5372152
Filing date: 10 Jun 1993
Issue date: 13 Dec 1994

US Patent demonstrating the efficacy in silk for improving hair condition: "materials consisting of satin, silk, and satin-like synthetic fiber material, said outer jacket completely enclosing said wire and said cushion and the recited material preventing snagging of the hair during a rolling and unrolling operation and preventing depletion of the hair's natural oils and moisture when rolled thereon."

Many other patents justifications by large consumer pharmaceutical firms for "amino acids" and "silk proteins" to benefit hair conditioners and products are available.

Application number: 9/927,543
Publication number: US 2003/0032353 A1
Filing date: 13 Aug 2001

US Patent showing that silk-like properties of a man-made fibre prevent hair damage: "silky smooth in texture, and acts as a barrier, it puts an end to hair-line erosion, hair breakage, loss of natural hair oils and moisture".

Robbins C, Kamath Y. Journal of Cosmetic Science. 2007 Jul-Aug;58(4):477-84.

"As a patient tosses from side to side on the pillow, hair can be pulled and broken." Hair breakage during combing. III. The effects of bleaching and conditioning on short and long segment breakage by wet and dry combing of tresses.

SM SCHLESSELMAN - Nursing, 1988 - nursing2004.com

"To minimize rubbing friction on your hair, try using a satin pillow-case"

Gianfranco Secchi - Clinics in Dermatology - The Official Journal of the International Academy of Cosmetic Dermatology

"Proteins quickly were considered useful ingredients for creating a suitable environment for healthy skin and hair because of their ability to bind water with the horny layer of skin and its annexes."

Research paper

Sericin silk protein: unique structure and properties
Cosmetics and toiletries
0361-4387, 6219
1993, Vol.108, no12, pp. [101-108] (PERIODIQUE) Research ordered.

This definitive research document details many of the properties and applications of silk.

Hard Copy Available.

John Mancini

Silk has been anecdotally known for centuries to help protect against hair loss and damage (also see point 5 in article).

Research article


3. SilkPerfect's luxury silk pillowcases deter house mites and their faeces from coming into contact with your skin and respiratory system;

Application number: 10/840,662
Publication number: US 2005/0032446 A1
Filing date: 7 May 2004

US Patent:

An allergen-barrier fabric includes a tightly-constructed fabric substrate: The method according to claim 13, wherein the fabric has a mean pore size of 4 to 10 microns, wherein the fabric provides a barrier to mite-induced allergen particles.

SilkPerfect's Habotai silk of thread count of 59.5 x 42 falls within the above criteria whilst the Momme is 15.5 with typical Habotai silk pore size ranges between 2 and 9 micron.

The British Allergy Foundation Seal of Approval

This is awarded to many products with a greater mean pore size than this thread count of silk. Therefore it is fair and proven to state that these silk pillowcases repel allergens, and certainly repel mites (200-300 microns) and whose droppings are 10-24 microns in size. A sample of SilkPerfect pillowcases is available for inspection and pore micron measurement. Further, "Encasing your pillows, mattress and box spring with plastic or specially coated or finely woven (pore size < 10 microns) vapor-permeable fabrics will deprive the dust mites of food and prevent many of the dust mite droppings from reaching you. The fabrics are more comfortable since they allow perspiration vapor to be more naturally carried away from your skin."

An example of the many articles states "Silk does an excellent job of filtering out allergens because it is tightly woven and has a small pore size." Similarly, mites cannot enter a silk-covered pillow in the first place.

Approved Products


Silk is naturally hypoallergenic as it contains "Sericin", an anti-acarid property, which prevents the growth of mites and mould. As a result, silk is inhospitable to dust mites and is therefore the perfect alternative to down.

ONCOLOGY REPORTS 10: 537-543, 2003

1Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8528;

2Seiren Co. Ltd., Fukui 918-8560 and 3Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine,

Hiroshima University, Hiroshima 734-8553, Japan

Sericin is also known to have a skin moisturizing

and antiwrinkle effect due to its high content of serine (30-33% of the total amino acids) (1). Because of the characteristic effects, sericin has been widely used in Japan as an ingredient of cosmetics. We have further found that consumption of sericin suppressed 1,2-dimethylhydrazineinduced colon tumorigenesis in mice (3,4), implying that sericin could be a useful chemopreventive agent against colon cancer.



4. Silk's hypoallergenic properties may also ease conditions such as eczema and asthma.

Clinical effectiveness of a silk fabric in the treatment of atopic dermatitis

G. Ricci, A. Patrizi*, B. Bendandi, G. Menna, E. Varotti* and M. Masi

Department of Paediatrics, University of Bologna

The use of special silk clothes may be useful in the management of atopic dermatitis (eczema) in children.


Silksheets Guide

"Silk has a natural protein and amino acids that help it repel dust mites, mold, and mildew."


The Benefits of Silk Sheets

Silk is made from the cocoons of silkworms. Like nearly anything in nature, there are natural occurring substances in the cocoon of the silkworm that protect from various threats. Because the process of turning those cocoons into silk is a gentle one that does not strip away those natural substances, the benefits of them are still in the silk when you purchase silk bedding. Dust mites, mold, and funguses all do not like those substances and stay away from silk. This means that silk bedding is a perfect choice for people suffering from asthma and from certain types of allergies such as being allergic to dust mites.


Intelligent Pest Management Non-toxic Dust Mite Control Page 304

"Weekly washing sheets, pillows, rugs and carpets ...for 5 - 8 minutes will kill all mites. Use silk or tightly woven linen sheets and pillow cases."

Hipler U.-C., Elsner P (eds): Biofunctional Textiles and the Skin. Curr Probl Dermatol. Basel, Karger, 2006, vol 33, pp 127-143 (DOI: 10.1159/000093940)

"acaricide and house dust mite control measures can decrease Atopic dermatitis symptoms." Thus controlling dust mites can decrease dermatitis.

Canada TV (CTV)

"Silk strands repel dust mites, which can't even survive in silk let alone poop all over it."


The Best Control 2. Chapter 20 - For Ticks, Mites, Mold And Fungi House Dust Mites

"House dust mites often cause allergic reactions. Dust mite feces contain at least 15 proteins that also act as allergens. These mites and/or their droppings may cause allergic reactions to 500 million people worldwide and be responsible for triggering reactions in 50% to 80% of asthmatics." Silk has been shown above to repel Dust Mites and their faeces due to the small pore size and anti-acarid properties of the silk proteins. Ergo silk pillowcases by repelling these allergens will reduce asthmatic reaction.


Rashmi Patel, Califormia Silk Bedding and More Inc.

100% Natural and Hypo-allergenic - Dust mites, molds and fungus's stay away from silk due to the naturally occurring substances in the silk. Thus silk bedding is the perfect choice for people with allergies and asthma. Silk is also mold and mildew resistant due to the natural resisting protein found in silk which often cause allergies.


Yao L, Tokura H, Li Y, Newton E, Gohel MDJournal of Amercian Academic Dermatology. 2006 Nov;55(5):910-2.

Effect of wearing cotton or polyester pajamas on stratum corneum water content under mildly cold conditions. he fabric they choose for their pajamas can influence the hydration level of their skin as measured by stratum corneum water content (SCWC). Thus for patients with concerns about dry skin at night, a cotton pajama fabric might be preferable to polyester, and supported by the research provided in this document, silk is preferable to cotton.

Arunee Kongdee, Thomas Bechtold , Linda Teufel, Christian Doppler Laboratory for Textile and Fibre Chemistry in Cellulosics, Institute of Textile Chemistry and Textile Physics, Leopold-Franzens-Universität
Christian Doppler Laboratory for Textile and Fibre Chemistry in Cellulosics, Institute of Molecular Biology, Innsbruck Medical University

"sericin-treated fabrics may be comfortable to wear because of its maintenance of moisture balance with respect to human skin... the fabric may reduce skin irritation (Modification of cellulose fiber with silk sericin."

Research paper


5. Research suggests that Silk helps to retain moisture and minimise wrinkling.

Burke KE. Photodamage of the skin: protection and reversal with topical antioxidants. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology. 2004 Jul;3(3):149-55.

From the studies above, silk contains antioxidants. This study states that "topical application arms the skin with a reservoir of antioxidants that cannot be washed or rubbed off, a protection which stays in the skin for several days after application."


Silk Sericin as a moisturizer: an in vivo study: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 2005 Dec; 4 (4):250-257

Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology. 4(4):250-257, December 2005.
Padamwar, Mahesh N 1; Pawar, Atmaram P 1; Daithankar, Aarti V 1; Mahadik, K R 2

Background: Excessive transepidermal water loss (TEWL) is the one of the causes of dry skin, and skin moisturizers have been used to overcome it.

Aim: The purpose of this research was to study the moisturizing effect of sericin, a silk protein. Because silk sericin has resemblance with the natural moisturizing factor (NMF), it has been studied for its application in skin cosmetics.

Methods: Sericin gels were prepared using sericin solution and with pluronic and carbopol as stabilizers. The gels were applied on the skin of healthy human volunteers and its moisturizing efficiency was evaluated by measuring the skin hydroxyproline content, impedance, TEWL, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) results.

Results: Decrease in skin impedance, increase in hydroxyproline level, and hydration of epidermal cells revealed the moisturizing effect of sericin, whereas decrease in the value of TEWL may be attributed to occlusive effect, which prevents water loss from the upper layer of the skin. Skin surface topography revealed the smoothness of the upper layer of the skin as a result of moisturization. Conclusion: Increase in the intrinsic moisturization of skin by sericin may be attributed to restoration of the amino acids and its occlusive effect. Thus, it would become a promising and important moisturizing ingredient in moisturizing formulations.

Biomacromolecules   ISSN 1525-7797 

2004, vol. 5, no3, pp. 751-757 [7 page(s) (article)]

The osmotic stress method was applied to study the thermodynamics of supramolecular self-assembly phenomena in crystallizable segments of Bombyx mori silkworm silk fibroin. This shows that silk has to contain water and will prevent osmotic effect from other materials - including the human dermis.



Corresponding author: Rathanawan Magaraphan, e-mail: rathanawan.k@chula.ac.th

Rev.Adv.Mater.Sci. 5 (2003) 193-198

1. The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

2. Office of Atomic Energy For Peace, Bangkok, Thailand

3. Institute of Sericulture, Chiangmai, Thailand

4. School of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, USA

Received: June 30, 2003

The antioxidant activities against hydroxyl...the antimicrobial activities and the fiber-coated surface were studied in silk sericin from different species of waste cocoon.

In the formation of silk filament, the cocoon shell is composed of two proteins named fibroin, held together by a gum-like protein called "sericin". The sericin protein is made of 18 amino acids. Sericin is applicable as an anti-oxidant in the field of medicines, cosmetics, foods, and food additive [3]. The protein is also used as a coating material for natural and artificial fibers, which can prevent abrasive skin injuries, the development of rashes and antibacterial for the products such as diapers, diaper liners, and wound dressing [4].


Silk as a Biomaterial

Charu Vepari and David L. Kaplan

Departments of Chemical & Biological Engineering and Biomedical Engineering, Tufts University

Proof that sillk is made of strings of proteins & amino acids plus detailed mechanical research into properties such as skin and cell regeneration benefits (including research on dermis effects in rabbits and rats and inflammatory/immunological properties).


Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center & American Cancer Society

recommends  chemotherapy patients use  "a silk pillowcase to prevent tangling while sleeping" "especially to avoid hair loss".

Patricia Wexley - Board Certified Dermatologist

"You can prevent de-sleeping damage...lying on a satin or silk pillowcase may help."


Wuhan Yuancheng Technology Devlopment Co.,Ltd

Fibroin is a kind of albumin produce, which can be obtained after hydrolysis from silk, contains 18 kinds of amino acids. It has below 2000 molecular weight can be easily absorbed by human body.
Fibroin can be used in cosmetic as a natural material, protecting and keeping the moisture of one's skin, preventing skin cocking and aging. It is super absorbency and adsorption enable protect and care to one s hair. The function and security fibroin makes in cosmetic bears comparison with any other compound material. Fibroin has a bright potential be used as biomedicine remedy and biologic gas defense material.


Dr Sobel (New York Magazine's top Dermatologist five years in a row)

ARA Content

"Long the secret of film divas, Silk pillowcases prevents facial skin from creasing during the night and allows the skin to glide along the pillow so the face rests comfortably without placing pressure on creased skin, effectively "ironing in" wrinkles."


Angelica Kavouni - Harley Street Plastic Surgeon - Sunday Mail

"I always sleep on silk so that my skin glides rather than drags across the fabric, reducing the chances of wrinkles - particularly those in the nasal labial fold between mouth and nose."



"Use Silk Pillowcases they are less likely to attract and catch fragile hair."

Charles Worthington, Hairdresser

"You can avoid waking up with bed head by sleeping on Silk Pillowcases, cotton causes more friction and disrupts the hair cuticles."

Journal of Biotechnology (21 June 2005)

"The favorable biological properties of silk fibroin (SF) ...make it a good candidate for clinical applications as a device in... regenerative therapy. (Tested in this study for human bone and periodontal material regeneration.)

Clinical study

Various Testimonials

Testimonials are available from SilkPerfect directly and these independent North American writers.


SILK SA e-document

Both the sericin and the silk fibroin are made up of 100 per cent protein which contain 18 amino acids, including the eight essential amino acids, such as alanine, glycine and serine which are the building blocks of protein in the skin and regarded as a part of the Natural Moisturizing Factor.

The high hydroxy amino acid content of Sericin (approx. 46%) is of particular importance for the water-binding capacity which regulates the skin‘s moisture content. On the other hand, it has a unique carbohydrate makeup and a unique repetitive amino acid sequence which give Sericin its high affinity for proteins resulting in a tightening, anti-wrinkle effect.

As Sercin has a high antioxidant and antibacterial activity, this means Sercin can stop the oxidation reaction of free radicals and inhibit microorganisms growth.

Fibroin is a type of protein created by silkworms in the production of silk. Fibroin has many superior properties. It absorbs and dissipates moisture well, allows air to pass freely, has a unique lustre, blocks ultraviolet rays, is water resistant and neutralises acids. These characteristics have the power to protect and care for the skin, prevent aging and promote an overall healthy skin.


Sericin Silk Protein: Unique Structure & Properties

R Voegeli, Jurg Meier & R Blust - Pentapharm Ltd, Basle, Switzerland

R Hofsteter - Aesch, Switzerland

(Pulished Cosmetics & Toiletries Vol 108 Pages 101-108)

Experiments on hair, skin and with volunteers were undertaken to inform the research.

The affinity of sericin to keratin [consituent of human skin and hair] was demonstrated with different methods. Human hair pre-treated with soluable sericin showed a decreased protein adsorbtion  potential compared to untreated hair, proving that the binding sites of keratin are blocked by sericin. A statistically significant smoothing of the treated hair resulted.

These finding have additionally been visualised with flourescence-labeled sericin. By use of a flourescence microscope it could be shown that conjugated sericin, even after repeated rinsing for a prolongued time, was not removed entirely from skin and hair.

Similar effects could be demonstrated on shed snake skin...a non-living pure stratum corneum with many similarities to human stratum corneum. Therefore shed snake skin offered a good model for our investigations. As presented in figures 7 & 8 a the remarkable flourescence of skin which was in contact with sericin (labeled with Texas Red sulfonyl chloride) is easily detectable.

The affinity of sericin is not only limited to fibroin and keratin; it also adheres on cells of the connective tissue.

From the results shown in fugures 10 and 11, it can be concluded that sericin has, in fact, filmogeneous as well as moisturising properties. Cosmetic ingredients with these two properties are not very common: therefore these two properties make sericin a valuable ingredient for the industry.

Moreover, it could be demonstrated that sericin has an antiwrinkle effect. It can be recognised that sericin treatment induces a progressive improvement of the cutaneous micro-relief and a decrease in deep wrinkles.


The silk threads produced by silkworm bombyx mori are surrounded during the spinning process with the sticky protein sericin to form a protective envelope. This natural principle, used by silkworms with success for millions of years, is worthy of being copied and developed into an innovative active ingredient for the cosmetic industry.

As demonstrated in the experiments described here, sericin has a strong affinity to keratin of skin and hair, actually becoming part of them by building a protective, moisturizing film. This, additionally, leads to an improvement of the cutaneous microrelief and a decrease in deep wrinkles.



The 18 Amino Acids in Silk:

GLYCINE (Non-Essential Amino Acid)
Helps trigger the release of oxygen to the energy requiring cell-making process; important the manufacturing of hormones responsible for a strong immune system.

ALANINE (Non-Essential Amino Acid)
Is an important source of energy for muscle tissue, the brain and central nervous system; strengthens the immune system by producing antibodies; helps in the metabolism of sugars and organic acids.

SERINE (Non-Essential Amino Acid)
A storage source of glucose by the liver and muscles; helps strengthen the immune system by providing antibodies; synthesizes fatty acid sheath around nerve fibers.

ASPARTIC: ACID (Non-Essential Amino Acid)
Aids in the expulsion of harmful ammonia from the body. When ammonia enters the circulatory system it acts as a highly toxic substance which can be harmful to the central nervous system. Recent studies have shown that Aspartic Acid may increase resistance to fatigue and increase endurance.

GLUTAMIC ACID (Non-Essential Amino Acid)
Considered to be nature's "Brain food" by improving mental capacities; helps speed the healing of ulcers; gives a "lift" from fatigue; helps control alcoholism, schizophrenia and craving for sugar.

VALINE (Essential Amino Acid)
Promotes mental vigor, muscle coordination and calm emotions.

PROLINE (Non-Essential Amino Acid)
Is extremely important for the proper functioning of joints and tendons; also helps maintain and strengthen heart muscles.

THREONINE (Essential Amino Acid)
Is an important constituent of collagen, Elastin, enamel protein; helps prevent fat build-up in the liver; helps the digestive and intestinal tracts function more smoothly; assists metabolism and assimilation.

LYSINE (Essential Amino Acid)
Insures the adequate absorption of calcium; helps form collagen (which makes up bone cartilage & connective tissues); aids in the production of antibodies, hormones & enzymes. Recent studies have shown that Lysine may be effective against herpes by improving the balance of nutrients that reduce viral growth. A deficiency may result in tiredness, inability to concentrate, irritability, bloodshot eyes, retarded growth, hair loss, anemia & reproductive problems.

ARGININE (Non-Essential Amino Acid)
Studies have shown that it has improved immune responses to bacteria, viruses & tumor cells; promotes wound healing and regeneration of the liver; causes the release of growth hormones; considered crucial for optimal muscle growth and tissue repair.

TYROSINE (Non-Essential Amino Acid)
Transmits nerve impulses to the brain; helps overcome depression; improves memory; increases mental alertness; promotes the healthy functioning of the thyroid, adrenal and pituitary glands.

PHENYLALAINE (Essential Amino Acid)
Used by the brain to produce Norepinephrine, a chemical that transmits signals between nerve cells and the brain; keeps you awake and alert; reduces hunger pains; functions as an antidepressant and helps improve memory.

LEUCINE & ISOLEUCINE (Essential Amino Acid)
They provide ingredients for the manufacturing of other essential biochemical components in the body, some of which are utilized for the production of energy, stimulants to the upper brain and helping you to be more alert.

METHIONINE (Essential Amino Acid)
Is a principle supplier of sulfur which prevents disorders of the hair, skin and nails; helps lower cholesterol levels by increasing the liver's production of lecithin; reduces liver fit and protects the kidneys; a natural chelating agent for heavy metals; regulates the formation of ammonia and creates ammonia-free urine which reduces bladder irritation; influences hair follicles and promotes hair growth.

CYSTINE (Non-Essential Amino Acid)
Functions as an antioxidant and is a powerful aid to the body in protection against radiation and pollution It can help slow down the aging process, deactivate free radicals, neutralize toxins, aids in protein synthesis and presents cellular change. It is necessary for the formation of the skin, which aids in recovery from burns and surgical operations. Hair and skin are made up 10-14% Cystine.

TRYPTOPHAN (Essential Amino Acid)
A natural relaxant, helps alleviate insomnia by inducing normal sleep; reduces anxiety & depression; helps in the treatment of migraine headaches; helps the immune system; helps reduce the risk of artery & heart spasms; works with Lysine in reducing cholesterol levels.

TAURINE (Non-Essential Amino Acid)
Helps stabilize the excitability of membranes which is very important in the control of epileptic seizures Taurine and sulphur are considered to be factors necessary for the control of many biochemical changes that take place in the aging process; aids in the clearing of free radical wastes.

HISTIDINE (Non-Essential Amino Acid)
Is found abundantly in haemoglobin; has been used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, allergic diseases, ulcers & anaemia. A deficiency can cause poor hearing.

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